Learn more about the different testing options available through Cardio IQ® Testing. Your doctor can order any of the available Cardio IQ Tests on your behalf. Then, you and your doctor can use the results to learn more about your heart health and come up with the best treatment plan.

Choose a link below to learn more about each type of Cardio IQ Test.

Lipid Panels
Lipoprotein Subfractionation
Inflammation Biomarkers
Heart Failure
Metabolic Markers
Genetic Cardiovascular Markers

A lipid panel measures the levels of HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol in your blood, as well as other lipids

  • The lipid panel is the standard test used to determine cholesterol levels
  • It measures HDL, LDL, and total cholesterol, as well as triglycerides (another type of lipid)

Lipoprotein Subfraction is the process of separating cholesterol particles into smaller pieces

  • Lipid Subfractionation by Ion Mobility
    This test separates, counts, and measures the particles that make up LDL-C and HDL-C. A high number of small and medium LDL particles indicates an increased risk of heart disease. A low number of large HDL particles indicates increased risk of heart disease
    Certain medications, such as statins, niacin, or fibrates, along with lifestyle changes, can potentially reduce the LDL particle number, help shift small LDL particles to larger-sized LDL particles, and may shift small HDL particles to larger-sized HDL particles

Apolipoproteins bind lipids (fats) in order to form lipoproteins. Lipoproteins carry lipids in the blood. Some of the lipids carried this way include cholesterol and triglycerides

  • ApoB
    ApoB is a type of apolipoprotein. It is the major protein found in certain lipoproteins. These are the ones most closely linked to heart disease. So high levels of ApoB are linked to a greater risk of heart disease. The level can be decreased by eating a healthy diet, exercising more, losing weight, and taking certain medications
  • Lp(a)
    Lp(a) is a combination of apolipoproteins and a lipoprotein. High levels are linked to heart disease and stroke. These levels may be influenced by genetics. Diet and exercise don’t seem to help lower them, but certain medications do

Coronary artery disease is associated with the severity of atherosclerosis, which is an inflammatory disease

  • Fibrinogen
    Fibrinogen is a part of the blood’s clotting process that can be elevated due to inflammation. Continually high levels of fibrinogen are linked to increased risk of heart disease. Fibrinogen levels can be lowered by stopping smoking and losing excessive body fat
  • Hs-CRP
    High levels indicate inflammation due to infection or tissue injury. Moderately elevated levels may be associated with increased heart disease risk. If both hs-CRP and Lp-PLA2 levels are high, your risk of a heart attack or stroke increases. Certain medications and foods may have anti-inflammatory benefits
  • Lp-PLA2 Activity
    Lp-PLA2 Activity is a specific marker of inflammation associated with heart disease or arterial plaque. High levels of Lp-PLA2 Activity may indicate active inflammation in the arterial walls, which can predict a risk of heart attack or stroke

Heart failure occurs when the heart can no longer pump effectively enough to meet everybody’s needs for oxygen

  • NT-proBNP
    NT-proBNP is a hormone released from heart muscle cells in response to stress or strain on the heart. A high level of NT-proBNP is a warning that the heart is being overworked. Early identification of high levels may help your doctor decide on a treatment plan to lower the risk of cardiac event
  • ST2
    ST2 is a specific type of protein. If heart failure has already been diagnosed, an ST2 test monitors its progression. High levels of ST2 may mean heart failure is getting worse and that a change in therapy is needed

Your metabolism is the result of all the processes in your body working together to create the energy that helps you each day

  • Hemoglobin A1c
    The hemoglobin A1c test is used to help figure out who may have diabetes either now or in the future by measuring blood sugar levels over the past 90 days. High levels may indicate pre-diabetes or diabetes
  • Glucose
    Glucose testing measures sugar levels in the blood. High glucose levels may mean you are not responding to the insulin your pancreas is making, so sugar is not getting to the cells where it is needed. Diabetes is the most common disease that causes irregular glucose levels
  • Homocysteine
    High levels of homocysteine can cause injury to blood vessel walls, increasing the risk of heart disease and stroke. Eating more foods that contain vitamin B and folic acid plays an important part in reducing homocysteine levels
  • Insulin
    Constant high levels of insulin increase risk of heart disease, diabetes, and other health conditions. High insulin levels can be improved with proper nutrition, exercise, stress management, or certain medications
  • Omega-3 and -6 Fatty Acids, Plasma
    Lower omega-3 index is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, including sudden cardiac death. Eating foods high in omega-3 fatty acids or taking omega-3 supplements can increase omega-3 fatty acid levels
  • Vitamin D
    Low vitamin D levels are linked to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, and heart failure. Vitamin D levels may be low for many reasons, such as not enough sun exposure, not eating a balanced diet, and obesity. Taking vitamin D supplements is one way to increase vitamin D levels

Every individual is unique. The genes that you are born with may impact your heart health. Our genetic tests may help doctors assess the risk of heart disease

  • KIF6 Genotype
    People who are KIF6 carriers may have a higher risk of heart disease events (such as a heart attack)
  • CYP2C19 Genotype
    The CYP2C19 genotype test evaluates how well your body processes the medication clopidogrel (Plavix). If you are a poor or intermediate metabolizer, Plavix may be less effective at preventing blood clots
  • LPA-Aspirin Genotype
    The LPA-aspirin genotype test can give insight into your risk of heart disease, as well as your response to aspirin. If you are an LPA-aspirin carrier, you may have a higher risk of heart disease events (such as a heart attack). However, if you are an LPA-aspirin carrier, low-dose aspirin may help reduce your risk
  • 4q25-AF Risk Genotype
    The 4q25-AF genotype test evaluates your risk of atrial fibrillation (AF [irregular heartbeat]) and your risk of stroke caused by AF. If you are a 4q25-AF risk carrier, you may have a higher risk of AF and stroke caused by AF
  • LPA-Intron 25 Genotype
    The LPA-Intron 25 genotype test assesses your risk of heart disease. If you are an LPA-Intron 25 carrier, you may have a higher risk of heart disease
  • 9p21 Genotype
    The 9p21 genotype test determines risk levels for certain types of heart disease. If you are a 9p21 carrier, you may have a higher risk of a heart attack (myocardial infarction) before the age of 60 if you are female, and age 50 if you are male, or abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), blocked coronary arteries, or a heart attack at any age
  • ApoE Genotype
    The ApoE genotype test assesses your risk of heart disease, as well as your response to different amounts of dietary fats. There are six APOE genotypes: 2/2, 2/3, 3/3, 2/4, 3/4, and 4/4. If you have the 3/4 or 4/4 genotype, you may have a higher risk of heart disease