Pharmacogenomics: Knowing the possibilities for effective treatment
Quest Diagnostics offers one of the most comprehensive pharmacogenomics test panels available to help you gain insight into a patient’s potential response to medications and optimize their treatment considerations and outcomes. This includes information for over 280 drugs across 44 genes*. This full panel is particularly advantageous for patients on multiple medications who may otherwise require multiple panels—all at a low cost and coming from a company you trust to meet all of your lab needs.
The Pharmacogenomics Panel from Quest provides pharmacogenetic information for 44 genes, and reports information across multiple classes of medications:
- Gaucher Disease
- Infectious Disease
- Psychiatry and Addiction
Physicians receive test results in a comprehensive and easy to understand report that may include dosing guidelines from CPIC®, FDA-approved labeling, and other pharmacogenomic consortia. Results can be utilized as a reference for your patients throughout their lifetime.
The Quest Diagnostics Pharmacogenomics Panel is based on pertinent literature sources that may provide clinical insights to help inform treating physicians about a patient’s genetic attributes to help optimize patient treatment considerations and outcomes.**
Pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics is the study of how inherited genetic differences impact the way drugs or medications affect a person. These genetic differences can impact the way a drug is absorbed or metabolized and thereby influence drug response. Pharmacogenomic tests may provide information about a person’s genetic makeup to help doctors decide which medications and doses might work best for him or her. Pharmacogenomic testing can also help reduce the time and costs associated with a trial-and-error approach to treatment.1
Avoiding adverse drug reactions can make a difference
The power of Pharmacogenomics
The Quest Diagnostics comprehensive pharmacogenomics test panel (PGx) offers insights into patient potential responses to different medications and over 280 drugs.*
The panel may determine:
- Risk of adverse drug reaction
- Efficacy (i.e., will it work?)
A Pharmacogenomics Panel may provide additional insights to:
- Help to identify patients who may react negatively to certain medications
- Help to achieve better outcomes on a patient-by-patient basis
*Pharmacogenomic information is not assessed for potential alternative medications. These data are provided as alternatives to consider based on information reported in the literature due to pharmacogenomic contraindications in other medications.
**Sources available upon request.
|Test Name||Pharmacogenomics Panel|
|Sample specifications|| Optimum: 5.0mL |
|Turnaround time||7-14 days|
|Preferred specimen†||Whole blood in EDTA lavender-top tube |
Saliva #200935 and buccal swabs #200944 are also acceptable.
|Specimen stability|| |
|CPT codes***||81225, 81226, 81227, 81230, 81231, 81232, 81247, 81283, 81291, 81328, 81335, 81350, 81355, 81381 x4, 81400, 81479, 81306|
† DNA will be extracted from the sample and tested for changes in multiple genes.
***The CPT codes provided are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only. CPT coding is the sole responsibility of the billing party. Please direct any questions regarding coding to the payer being billed.
- Order the Pharmacogenomics Panel in 1 of 3 ways
- Paper requisition****
- Electronic ordering using Quanum™ eLabs
- An interfaced EMR
****Get copies of the paper Pharmacogenomics requisition from your Quest Diagnostics account manager.
- Collect the patient specimen in the office and send with the requisition by a Quest Diagnostics courier, or send the patient to one of our more than 2,220 Patient Service Centers with the requisition to have the specimen collected.
- Acceptable specimen types are blood (preferred), buccal, and saliva
- Collection devices can be obtained by calling customer service or online with Quanum™ eLabs
- Patient Service Center will collect blood sample
The information provided herein and in the pharmacogenetics report is for physician consideration and each physician has to determine what is the best treatment for their patient based upon the physician’s education, experience, and clinical assessment of the patient.
- Elliott LS, Henderson JC, Neradilek MB, Moyer NA, Ashcraft KC, Thirumaran RK. Clinical impact of pharmacogenetic profiling with a clinical decision support tool in polypharmacy home health patients: a prospective pilot randomized controlled trial. PLoS One. 2017;12(2):e0170905. doi: 10.1371/journal. pone.0170905
- US Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Preventable adverse drug reactions: a focus on drug interactions. https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/DrugInteractionsLabeling/ucm110632.htm. Updated March 6, 2018. Accessed December 4, 2018.
- Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Adverse drug events overview. https://health.gov/hcq/ade.asp. Updated December 7, 2017. Accessed December 4, 2018.
- Personalized Medicine Project. Section 1: basics of personalized medicine. http://personalizedmedicineproject.weebly.com/section-1-basics-of-personalized-medicine.html. Accessed December 4, 2018.